Types of Child Care

Key differences Between Types of Child Care

  • Regulated vs Unregulated
  • Number of children per adult (ratio)
  • Required Training
  • Inspections by surveyor
  • Background checks
  • Setting (Home, Building, ect.)

Regulation of child care facilities is to give a basic level of protection for all children. Further, effective public regulation provides basic consumer protection.

Regulated child care includes family child care homes and child care centers. Other types of care include nannies and baby sitters as well as friends and family. Click on the titles below to learn about each type of care.

Family Child Care Homes
  • Licensed Family Child Care
  • Group Home Day Care
Relatives, Friends, & Neighbors

 

Nannies & Babysitters
Child Care Centers
  • Child Care Centers
  • Preschools
  • Head Start / Early Head Start
  • Before / After School Programs
  • Pre-K Programs

 

Family Child Care

Located within a personal residence or house, licensed Family Child Care Homes are divided into two categories:

Licensed Family Child Care Home

  • Visited by a Child Care Licensing Surveyor
  • Is required to attend CPR, First Aid, Child Abuse Recognition & Reporting/Signs & Symptoms of Childhood Illness, 6 hours of in-service training per year followed by 12 hours every year after.
  • Maximum ratio is 1 adult to every 10 children

Group Home Day Care

  • Visited by a Child Care Licensing Surveyor
  • Is required to attend CPR, First Aid, Child Abuse Recognition & Reporting/Signs & Symptoms of Childhood Illness, 6 hours of in-service training per year followed by 12 hours every year after.
  • Maximum ratio is 1 adult to every 10 children.

To view complete regulations for each type of care click here. (external link)

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Child Care Centers

Centers

A child care facility in which care and educational activities are provided for 13 or more children two weeks to 16 years of age for more than three hours and less than 24 hours per day.

Preschools

A child care facility which provides learning experiences for children who have not attained the age of eligibility to enter kindergarten and who are 30 months of age or older; which conducts sessions not exceeding three hours per session.

Head Start/Early Head Start

Free programs for eligible families that provide services for parents and children age 0 to 5. Child Start is the umbrella agency for both programs in Sedgwick County. Click here for more information about Head Start & Early Head Start.

Before/After School Programs

A facility that provides care to school-age children before and after school.

Pre-K Programs

A half-day program operated by school districts in collaboration with private community-based programs.  Eligibility is based on a variety of risk factors, including free-lunch eligibility, developmental delay, English language-learner or migrant status, single or teen parent homes, or low parental educational attainment.

To view complete regulations for each type of care click here.

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Relative Care Providers & Friends and Neighbors watching children

Relative care providers are friends, family, neighbors, and more. Caregivers who are blood related may be able to accept DCF payments for families receiving assistance.

In Kansas, providing out of home care to more than two children requires a certificate or license. If providing care for one or two children, licensure or certification is required if the combined hours for all children in care is more than 20 hours per week. For example, if a provider cares for two children, Child A and Child B, and she takes care of Child A for 10 hours per week and Child B for 11 hours per week for a total of 21 hours per week, a license or certificate is required.

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Nannies & Babysitters

Generally nannies and babysitters provide care within the parents’ homes. Often, nannies will live in the home and provide additional household duties. Kansas does not have a regulation on the minimum age of a babysitter, but the individual should be capable of supervising a child without supervision themselves and able to take appropriate safety measures in cases of emergency.

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